5 Best Engineering Courses For a Better Future [2022]

Global Ed


Best engineering courses for a better future are:

  • Nanotechnology
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

Why study engineering for a better future?


Engineers make up around 2% of any country’s population, and it is also one of the most opted degree courses after the completion of class 12th. In simple words, it’s a sought-after field and has great career prospects.

Very quickly, engineering is a field of study which uses scientific knowledge to design, manufacture, and maintain a particular system, architecture, and tools. Most of the fields in engineering are multidisciplinary, where many disciplines like physics, mathematics, chemistry, biology, and applied science come into play to form the idea.

Today the field of engineering has grown to be the controller of almost all the fields of studies, and the application of engineering is now used in medical technologies, industrial manufacturing, computer science, chemical engineering, rocketry, architecture, and even in the environment.

Engineering is a field that has a clear impact on our day-to-day life, be it from the industrial revolution to the present information revolution humans have always been looking forward to the changes in the field of engineering as it has a direct impact on their lives. Inventions like cell phones and the internet are things that transformed our socio-cultural, economic, and physical well-being, and this is also the contribution of engineering.

In terms of career prospects, as mentioned earlier, engineering is a field of study which has always provided a great opportunity for its graduates, especially in a few fields of engineering that are considered the future of the course.

According to the 2018 report by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, nearly 140,000 new jobs in engineering are expected to be created only in the US between 2016 and 2026, and this will have a great impact on employment growth and the transformation of the world to a better future.


What are the career opportunities after studying engineering courses?


Careers in Engineering will always have great prospects since we live in an increasingly modernised world. The demand for good engineers will only grow. Also, career opportunities after studying engineering courses are not limited to one sector or area of work. With emerging fields like Robotics, Aeronautical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, and Nanotechnology coming into play, the scope and career opportunities in the field of engineering have seen steady growth.

The engineering industry is one of the most well-paid and rapidly growing industries in the world. Engineering graduates with top-notch educational qualifications, quality, and extensive knowledge get high-paying and highly rewarding careers in the industry as today, almost all the fields of engineering are high in demand.

The manufacturing industry employed more than 578,000 engineers in 2016 in the US, which is most of any industry. According to the U.S Bureau of labor statistics, the median annual wage in 2016 for all engineering courses was around $91,010. Currently, in the US alone, there are more than 16,81,000 people working across all the fields of engineering.

Civil engineering tops the list with a prediction of more than 32,200 new jobs that will be created from 2016-2026, and there are currently 303,500 jobs in the Civil engineering field in the US. Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Electrical Engineering, and Petroleum Engineering are a few other top career opportunities are studying an engineering course.

Engineering streams like aerospace engineering, nuclear engineering, computer science and engineering software engineering, biotechnology engineering, electronics and communication engineering, marine engineering, machine learning, manufacturing engineering, artificial intelligence, production engineering, and agricultural engineering are said to be the main career-oriented engineering courses of the future, and these courses are always going to be in demand.

These engineering degrees are in high demand due to the less availability of graduates in these fields around the world, and companies, including start-ups, are always in search of the best of minds when it comes to engineering fields. So graduating and specializations in these fields of engineering will help the student to find the best career option in India as well as abroad.

If you would like to know which engineering courses are best in India, based on the career opportunities in the country and the median annual remuneration, then undoubtedly the answer will be Computer Science Engineering, automobile engineering, Electronics & Communications Engineering, and Information Technology Engineering.


Studying Engineering courses in India vs Abroad


Engineering is by far the most preferred and pursued a course in India for higher studies. Pursuing engineering from one of the finest institutions in the country or abroad is the dream of a large category of students who complete their 12th grade. India is home to a few of the best engineering colleges like the IIT, NIT, BITs, VIT, and CET at the same time due to the less number of seats available in these universities and many other reasons engineering aspirants prefer to kick start their educational journey in a global destination.

There are many factors that make the student compare between the colleges in India and abroad when it comes to pursuing engineering. From the quality of education to placement and budget to study and a lot of other things come into play when we look at universities abroad and the universities in India. So let us now look at the main reasons that make students decide on a particular university or country in the course of their educational journey in India or abroad.

Quality of education, infrastructure and facilities, research outputs, external funding, courses, course fees, reliable programs, practical training, career opportunities, placements, cultural tolerance, and course structure are a few important things that the students look for while selecting and deciding on the engineering college in India or abroad.

Both studying in India and in global ed desiccation have their own pros and cons. First, let’s look at the pros of studying in India:

  • The application process, eligibility requirements, and other formalities are much easier and easily accessible
  • The whole study environment won’t isolate the learner as it won’t be completely new
  • Studying in India will mean an affordable tuition fee, and also, the living cost won’t be as high as in a university aboard.
  • Practical Exposure and Professional Development in the country will be directly linked to the area of work, and this will mostly be centric on the needs of the country.

Now let’s take a look at the cons of studying engineering in India:

  • Skill development is a major issue seen in most of the engineering colleges in India
  • There will be a higher competition for getting admission to job opportunities
  • Less global exposure and career opportunities are limited
  • More theoretical study and less practical aspects

Now let’s take a look at the pros of studying engineering in a leading global ed destination abroad:

  • Best research inputs and futuristic programs
  • Top-quality education along with the best-in-class facilities
  • Better job opportunities and pay scale after graduation
  • Better exposure and updated knowledge
  • Many courses to choose from
  • Varieties of programs
  • Develop key life skills
  • Create an international network.

As we have listed out the pros of studying abroad, now let’s take a look at the major cons of studying abroad:

  • Difficulty in applying
  • Language Barriers and Culture Shock.
  • High tuition fees and cost of living
  • Your Credits May Not Transfer.
  • The admission process need is confusing and tough

What are the best engineering courses for the future


Course Name Best country to study Best school Fees
Nanotechnology Singapore Nanyang Technological University 7850 SGD
Computer Science Engineering United States Carnegie Mellon University $53,000
Petroleum Engineering United States Massachusetts Institute of Technology $77,020
Aeronautical Engineering United States Massachusetts Institute of Technology $ 57,590.
Environmental Engineering United States Stanford University $78,218

Nanotechnology


Nanotechnology engineering is a popular branch of engineering that deals with the study of dimensions and tolerances of less than 100 nanometres, especially the manipulation of individual atoms and molecules. This field of engineering use nanomaterials to convert them into useful materials, devices, and structures. Nanotechnology engineering is a perfect career option for students who have a science background and a passion for experimenting and researching on the lines of the minutest molecules.

The student should be a master’s in subjects like physics, quantum physics, biology, maths, chemistry, and other fields of science to excel in this course.
Career options in this emerging futuristic field of study are not limited to one sector, but a graduate can find career options in the fields like pharma, electronic automotive, and also material science.

It is this field of science that works toward storing and altering things on the cellular level to create new tiny pieces of electronics and other useful things.

Graduates in Nanotechnology engineering can find career options in a lot of other fields of engineering. Applications Engineer, Director of Product Marketing, Director of research, Holography and optics technician, Manufacturing engineer, Market development manager, Mechanical engineer, and Optical assembly technician are a few popular career options that students can look for after graduating in nanotechnology engineering.

Top recruiters in the field of nanotechnology in India include companies like CSIR, DRDO, BARC, Tata, ISRO, BHEL, GE Engineering, Dr. Reddy’s Lab, and IISC.
What subjects do you study in this course?

Following are the major subjects of a B.tech course and M.tech course in nanoscience

  • Principles of Environmental Science
  • Biology for Engineers
  • Properties of Nanomaterials
  • Production of Nanomaterials
  • Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics
  • Fundamentals of Solid State Technology
  • Quantum Mechanics
  • Elements of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

What are the best universities to study this course?

  • Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore
  • Tsinghua University, China
  • Georgia Institute of Technology, the USA
  • Stanford University, the USA
  • Peking University, China
  • Soochow University
  • Harvard University
  • King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
  • City University Hong Kong
  • National University of Singapore
  • University of Wollongong
  • University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Eligibility

  • Following are the eligibility criteria to enroll in the nanotechnology program in the top global ed destinations:
  • Successful completion of 10+2 or equivalent degree with science stream from a recognized board
  • An aggregate mark of a minimum of 60%
  • IELTS score of a minimum Overall 6, writing 6 or TOEFL score of a minimum of 90 or SAT a minimum of 1250 for SAT taken for March 2016 onwards

Computer Science Engineering


Computer science engineering is a popular engineering course that deals with the design, implementation, and management of information in the field of hardware as well as software. They develop new software and hardware based on the requirement of the company and provide futuristic services. We can’t think of a world without computers or software now, as all our day-to-day activities are largely dependent on software and hardware.

The industry saw sudden traction of growth in the last decade as the demand for computer science engineers was higher than ever before, mainly due to the blooming of start-ups. This has resulted in the overall growth of the computer science discipline as well as the computer science engineering field.

This field of study has always been offering the best career pathways as multinational companies are always on the lookout for the best of mind and graduates in this field. Companies like Microsoft, Amazon, LinkedIn, IBM, TCS, Adobe, NXP Technologies, and Samsung R&D are some of the companies which hire computer science and engineering professionals.

A graduate in the field of computer science engineering will be a master of computation in the design of computational systems. IT industry and the career opportunities in the industry are at their peak presently, so a B.Tech graduate in computer science engineering or an M.Tech graduate in this field will get the best placement opportunities around the world. The career opportunities in this field are not limited to the IT industry but also the electrical and electronics industry, software industry, and many other industries.

This is also an interdisciplinary field that has a lot of path-breaking research potential as it aids with various other fields of engineering. This discipline covers topics such as programming languages, program design, implementation, computation, and many others. Expertise in the field of computing and mastering the field of computer science engineering will enable the student to solve complex and challenging problems. Computing jobs are here to stay forever, regardless of where you are located.

After the introduction of AI and robotics, the field of computer engineering has seen massive growth, and this has resulted in the creation of many job opportunities.

Companies like Amazon, Deloitte, CGI, Mindtree, Infosys, Cognizant, TCS, HCL, Google, Apple, and Facebook are the top recruiters in this field.

What subjects do you study in this course?

Following are the major subjects of a B.tech course and M.tech course in computer science engineering :

  • Calculus
  • Physics
  • Computer Networks
  • Chemistry
  • Abstractions and Paradigms in Programming
  • Engineering Graphics and Drawing
  • Literature/Philosophy/Psychology/Sociology
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Architecture
  • Implementation of Programming Languages
  • Database and Information Systems Lab
  • Implementation of Programming Languages Lab
  • Computer Architecture Lab
  • Computer Networks Lab
  • Operating Systems Lab

What are the best universities to study this course?

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • University of Oxford
  • University College London
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Cambridge
  • Stanford University
  • University of British Columbia
  • University of Sydney
  • University of New South Wales
  • Australian National University
  • The University of Melbourne
  • University of Montreal
  • University of Alberta
  • University of California–Berkeley
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • University of Illinois–Urbana-Champaign
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • Cornell University

Eligibility

Following are the eligibility criteria to enroll in the computer science engineering program in the top global ed destinations:

  • Complete 12th class from a recognized institute
  • Between the ages of 18 and 25 and have attained a senior high school or diploma
  • A duly filled-up application form for universities and colleges
  • Bank account statement for the last three months converted into US dollars or respective currency
  • The test scores of TOEFL or IELTS prove English language proficiency depending on the university requirement
  • Students should have passed class 12th in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core courses from a recognised board.

Petroleum Engineering


Energy plays a vital role in our day-to-day activities; we can’t think of a world without cars or airplanes, for that matter. An engineering course in petroleum engineering will focus on topics like thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, transport phenomena, and material properties. Petroleum engineering is the degree that fuels the world, as almost all industries are dependent on this one particular field of study. This is an interdisciplinary field of study that largely depends on fields like physics, chemistry, mathematics, and even geology.

The program provides the students with all the necessary skills to design and analyse the welling techniques, welling systems, drilling processes, and equipment and optimise resource management. This field of engineering also overlaps with many other fields of engineering, such as chemical engineering, environmental engineering, reservoir engineering, mechanical engineering, and also civil engineering.

This field of study can be considered as a combination of innovation, expansion, and mainly exploration. Petroleum engineering is also concerned with the activities related to the production and usage of hydrocarbons like crude oil or natural gas. This is a field that is advanced from mining engineering and geology, and this field of engineering is also directly linked to geoscience. Petroleum engineering develops innovative equipment to extract natural resources like oil and gas, and they also develop wants to inject water and chemicals into oil reserves.

Following are the major recruiting companies in the field of petroleum engineering, Cairn Energy India, Oil and Natural Gas, Amazon, Reliance Industries, Schlumberger, First Student Shell, ExxonMobil.

What subjects do you study in this course?

Following are the major subjects of a B.tech course and M.tech course in petroleum engineering :

  • Linear Algebra
  • Reservoir Engineering
  • Calculus
  • Petroleum Production Operations
  • Differential equations
  • Offshore Drilling and Production Practices
  • Complex variables
  • Petroleum Formation Evaluation
  • Probability and Statistics
  • Oil and Gas Well Testing
  • Numerical Methods
  • Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry
  • Petroleum Exploration
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques
  • Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology
  • Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering

What are the best universities to study this course?

  • Texas A&M University–College Station
  • Stanford University
  • University of Tulsa.
  • Colorado School of Mines
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Alberta
  • Curtin University. Bentley, Perth
  • University of Adelaide. Adelaide
  • Edith Cowan University. Perth
  • University of New South Wales
  • University of British Columbia
  • University of Montreal
  • University of Oklahoma
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Strathclyde
  • Heriot-Watt University
  • Pennsylvania State University–University Park
  • Louisiana State University–Baton Rouge
  • University of Southern California

Eligibility

  • Complete 12th class from a recognized institute
  • Students should have passed class 12th in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core courses from a recognised board.
  • The test scores of TOEFL or IELTS prove English language proficiency depending on the university requirement
  • A duly filled-up application form for universities and colleges
  • Bank account statement for the last three months converted into US dollars or respective currency
  • Minimum 60% marks. BE/B. Tech degree in the same specialization with a minimum CPI of 6.5 or 60% of marks
  • undergraduate engineering degree from a reputed university and a minimum work experience of 3-4 years ( to do masters in a few US universities)

Aeronautical Engineering


Aeronautical engineering is a branch of engineering that has always been the dream course of a large number of students. The basic function of this field is to design airplanes and their mechanism. This is a field that moves towards efficient ways of building airplanes and cost-efficient transportation and also a field that plays a very important and vital role in the progress around the world. The basic job in this field involved diverse aircraft and propulsion systems and inventing cost efficiency in developing mechanisms.

This is also one of the highest-paid engineering professions around the world. There are many opportunities in both private as well as government sectors in this field, and all the jobs are well remunerated as well as prestigious.

An aeronautical engineering degree will help the graduate get a job in the field of the aviation industry, defence sector as well as civil aviation. The career pathway of Aeronautical engineering does not end with building space crafts or air crafts; they can also take up jobs in the field of mechanical engineering, design engineering, aircraft production, and also aerospace designing.

Following are the top recruiters in the field of aeronautical engineering, Airbus, Lockheed Martin, United Technologies, and Boeing.

What subjects do you study in this course?

Following are the major subjects of a B.tech course and M.tech course in aeronautical engineering :

  • Aircraft Design
  • Aerospace Engineering Systems
  • Thermodynamics, Gas and Fluid Dynamics
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Solid Mechanics and Aerospace Structures
  • Aerodynamics
  • Aircraft Propulsion
  • Aircraft Control

What are the best universities to study this course?

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • Stanford University
  • Harvard University
  • Nanyang Technological University (NTU)
  • University of California, Berkeley (UCB)
  • University of Cambridge
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Bristol
  • University of Bath
  • University of Leeds
  • McGill University
  • Carleton University
  • Concordia University
  • Ryerson University
  • Laval University
  • University of Adelaide
  • University of Western
  • University of Technology Sydney
  • Macquarie University

Eligibility

  • obtaining a minimum of 60% to 70% of aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics at senior secondary levels in the school
  • Background in maths, physics, and engineering science with a 3.5 GPA (recommended)
  • The test scores of TOEFL or IELTS prove English language proficiency depending on the university requirement

Environmental Engineering


Environmental engineering is one of the most popular and trending fields of engineering, which is known as the field that works towards bettering our future. This field of engineering deals with the application of science and technology to protect and safeguard our environment. With massive degradation of the environment in our day-to-day lives, this particular field is considered the one that can work towards the betterment of our ecosystem.

They apply scientific knowledge to tackle issues of water pollution, global warming, climate change, hazardous waste, and many other environmental concerns. A graduate in this particular field will use various scientific mechanisms to find solutions for all the environmental concerns that we are facing in our lives.

Protecting our ecology and working towards the betterment of it is considered to be the need of the hour, and that is why is particular field of engineering has become really popular.

A graduate will also work towards the preservation of energy by using all the interdisciplinary principles of chemistry, biology, physics, and mathematics. This will be one of the most futuristic and rewarding careers in the field of engineering, as the end goal will be to find solutions for all the complex problems faced in our ecosystem and environment.

This is an interdisciplinary field that will involve areas of study like chemistry, biology, ecology, geology, hydraulics, hydrology, microbiology, and mathematics.

Following are the top recruiters in the field of environmental engineering, Tata Consultancy Services, Larsen & Toubro, HCL Technologies, The Coca-Cola Company, Environmental Resources Management, and Tata Steel.

What subjects do you study in this course?

Following are the major subjects of a B.tech course and M.tech course in environmental engineering:

  • Water Supply and Distribution System
  • Municipal Solid Waste Management
  • Origin and Characterization of Environmental Pollution
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering
  • Water Treatment Engineering
  • Design and Drawing of Environmental System
  • Engineering science
  • Mathematics for engineers
  • Hydraulics and soil mechanics
  • Structural design and analysis
  • Surveying
  • Environmental engineering practice
  • Environmental policy and regulation
  • Geotechnical engineering

What are the best universities to study this course?

  • Stanford University
  • University of California–Berkeley
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of Illinois–Urbana-Campaign
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • University of Texas–Austin (Cockrell)
  • Virginia Tech
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • Cranfield University
  • University of Leeds
  • University of Strathclyde
  • University of Greenwich
  • Queen’s University Belfast
  • University of British Columbia
  • McGill University
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Alberta
  • University of Guelph
  • Dalhousie University
  • University of Saskatchewan
  • University of Waterloo

Eligibility

  • Obtaining a minimum of 60% to 70% of aggregate marks in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics at senior secondary levels in the school
  • Background in maths, physics, and engineering science with a 3.5 GPA (recommended)
  • The test scores of TOEFL or IELTS prove English language proficiency depending on the university requirement.

Let’s get you into top courses with no stress


Now that we have discussed the best engineering courses, here’s a look at how you can apply seamlessly to these courses. Applying for the best courses is literally a touch away with the T.C. Global web application or mobile app.

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Date added
23.09.2022

Filed under:

Global Ed

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