Throughout 2020, countries around the world imposed a number of restrictions to prevent and check the spread of the COVID-19 virus. As the pandemic abates, and the restrictions are lifted, one of the prime concerns for policymakers now is to resume normal life and tackle the economic and social impact of the pandemic. Ensuring the economic revival and resumption of day-to-day activities, as well as checking further spread of the disease through travel, is occupying leaders. As the vaccination drive commences, the need to provide and share its proof is being felt across countries. One of the options that policymakers have suggested is the introduction of a vaccine passport.
While many countries have decided to introduce a vaccine passport for their residents, many have not made up their minds. Such passports would make travelling easier and check the adverse effect that travel restrictions are having on the economy and other sectors. However, there are merits and demerits of vaccine passports. Some countries have embraced them, others have rejected calling them discriminatory. As the new term is added to the pandemic lexicon, it is important to understand its definition and debate its advantages and disadvantages.