One of the most overlooked and underappreciated fields of computing is computer networking. We spend countless hours on the Internet thanking the applications of AI and machine learning in our lives, and yet we at times forget the indispensable role that computer networks play in enabling it.
What exactly does networking mean?
Computer networking is the field of computer science that includes theoretical and practical applications of related fields to enable communication. A widespread notion about computer networks is that it is a synonym for the Internet. However, the latter is only an application of networking, whose foundation was laid by ARPANET. Networking, in its simplest form, is the exchange of data between computers through various media. Networking helps with resource sharing, improving storage capacity and staying connected to the world. Decentralized networking helps to store files at different locations. This technology not only allows access to the files from any location, it also increases the storage capacity.
Newer networking technologies are changing the way we communicate. From telegraphs (which made use of electric pulses) to sending texts on WhatsApp (which uses the Internet), the evolution of networking has come a long way. Let’s look at some of the technologies that are based on communication networks which have contributed to the ubiquity of digital communication.