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United States is a preferred study destination for international students, especially those wanting to pursue higher education. US also has the world’s top universities and thus attracts the best international students from across the world. The US Higher Education system offers a wide variety of institutions for International students, namely vocational institutes, community colleges and universities. The United states also offers both Public and Private institutions, each with its unique advantages and thus offers a wide choice of courses and programs for international students. This coupled with world class faculty, research facilities and instructional resources make the US favorable for International students. Further, the F1 student visa that allows students to explore post study work opportunities, makes the US a very attractive study destination.
With the highest GDP, the USA is a hub for multinational companies, thus housing many Fortune 500 and Fortune 1000 corporations and industries. Besides, the country is also the financial hub of the world with Wall Street in New York as the most happening stock market place and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the largest stock exchange by market capitalization under its sleeves. The employment opportunities and emerging sectors of the
US economy attract talent into the US from across the globe.
The USA is a land of opportunities and diversity which makes it such a great country. It is the second-largest democracy in the world. Hence, the country enjoys a stable political climate and has an enormous influence on the political dynamics of many countries around the world. It is no surprise that out of the total student enrollment of 19 million in higher education, International students comprise almost 1 million, which is over 5 % of the student population. California, New York and Texas are the top states in terms of the total immigrant population as well as international students.
The IT industry has been key to the economy’s recovery and has influenced most other industries with digitalization and advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence and machine learning. Health care has benefited from new technologies and a demand for increased products and services due to the growing and aging population.
The United states is facing an unprecedented skill shortage. As per a 2019 SHRM report 7 million jobs were open in December 2018 and only 6.3 people were unemployed and looking for jobs. There is a shortage of skilled workers to fill in the high skilled jobs. As per the top 3 missing technical skills are:
The top 3 missing soft skills are:
Avg Living costs / per year-
USD 10,000 - USD 24,000 ( depending on state)
Avg Tuition fee per year
USD 26,290 to USD 35,830 depending on Public or private university
1 million +
Average graduate incomes/ year
USD 45,000 per year
Fall: starts in August
Spring: Starts in January
Summer:(minor) starts in May
The USA is a land of opportunities and diversity which makes it such a great country. The USA is the second-largest democracy in the world. Hence, the country enjoys a stable political climate and has an enormous influence on the political dynamics of many countries around the world.
With the highest GDP, the USA is a hub for multinational companies, thus housing many Fortune 500 and Fortune 1000 corporations and industries. Besides, the country is also the financial hub of the world with Wall Street in New York as the most happening stock market place and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the largest stock exchange by market capitalization under its sleeves. The employment opportunities and emerging sectors of the US economy attract talent into the US from across the globe
All these factors make United States a preferred study destination for international students, especially those wanting to pursue higher education. The US Higher Education system offers a wide variety of institutions for International students, namely vocational institutes, community colleges and university. The United states also offers both Public and Private institutions, each with its unique advantages and thus offers a wide choice of courses and programs for international students. This coupled with world class faculty, research facilities and instructional resources make US favorable for International students. Further, the F1 student visa that allows students to explore post study work opportunities, makes US a very attractive study destination for International students. Students on F1 Visa get to stay in the US for up to one year after completion of their course. For students studying STEM courses (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) a new rule allows an extension of up to two years, which means you can continue to stay in the US for up to three years after finishing your course of study. US also has the world’s top universities and thus attracts the best international students from across the world. It is important to take English language proficiency tests such as IELTS or TOFEL are required for International students wanting to study in the US. Other details on the application process can be accessed by reaching our expert relationships team.
It is no surprise that out of the total student enrollment of 19 million in higher education, International students comprise almost 1 million, which is over 5 % of the student population. California, New York and Texas are the top states in terms of the total immigrant population as well as international students.
US - The Popular Study destination for International Students
The US offers best-accredited programs that offer a unique approach to higher education and offer cutting-edge institutions, instructional resources and facilities. Students in the US, also get exposed to the rich diversity of culture, people and countries.
The US education system has often been said to be the most diverse in the world, in terms of student mix, courses and institutions – from community colleges to world renowned universities. The sheer number of accredited universities in the US provides great choice to International students. There are 3 types of institutions in the US namely
- Vocational Institutes
- Community colleges and
Vocational institutes and Community colleges offer an associate degree. Some students can also convert this associate degree from a community college to a university degree at the undergraduate level through credit transfers.
US is the preferred destination for international students. International students from all over the world look to study in the USA as it offers the best higher education opportunities. Graduates of such programs emerge with job-ready skills with a foundation for learning and success that serves them their whole lifetimes. To be eligible to study in the US, International students need to know the US equivalent of your last qualification from your home country. You will also be required to submit test scores of qualifying exams that are required to qualify for American education at undergraduate.
Further the Post study work opportunities offered in the United States of America, make the destination even more popular among the International student community. Students on F1 student visa get up to one year. For Students studying STEM courses, a new rule allows them an extension to stay in the US for 2 years. This means that students can continue to stay in the US for three years after finishing their course of study. This means that students can gain work experience in the US, explore job opportunities. The emerging sectors of the US an the skill shortages in US help to make US an attractive location for talent from around the world
Across the US, students can get programs taught by leading experts in their field – with a natural inclination toward best-in-class research and practical applications of knowledge.
Even in terms of Rankings, there are 5 US universities in the top 10 of the world's best university rankings the US provides quality higher Education: Approx. 30% of the world's top 100 universities are in the US. Teachers in the U.S. spend between 1050 and 1100 hours a year teaching – much more than in almost every country. It is important to English language proficiency tests are required for International students wanting to study in the US. Further, every year US universities provide Support /Aids by way of different scholarships and provide post-study work opportunities.
The American Education system offers a wide range of choices for International students right from high school to higher education. It is no surprise that us international students aspire to study in the USA and it is a preferred location for studying. International students aspiring to study in the US educational system will benefit from understanding the system.
Prior to higher education, American school has 12 years of education that includes – primary school or the elementary school the middle school or the junior high school and then the high school. The elementary school is around six years and then a student progresses into middle school. A diploma or a certificate is awarded on graduation from high school.
After high school, the students can go for higher education. College or university education is known as higher education. The US education system offers a wide range of institutions.
There are 3 types of institutions in the US namely
Vocational institutes and Community colleges offer an associate degree. Some students can also convert this associate degree from a community college to a university degree at the undergraduate level through credit transfers. These can be private schools or public schools.
The US Higher Education System: Levels of study:
Undergraduate: It typically takes four years to earn a bachelor’s degree. The first two years a student is required to take a wide variety of classes in different subjects before focusing on a specific area of study.
Generally, the US has a 4 years’ Bachelor’s degree with a specific name given to each year:
Post graduate program in pursuit of Master’s degree typically take one or two years to complete. Just like American students, International students need to submit their academic transcripts for admission into American university or college. These include your grades or “grade point average” or grade points. It is important to find the US equivalent of your last qualification from your home country. You will also be required to submit test scores of qualifying exams that are required to qualify for American education at undergraduate and postgraduate level eg SAT , GMAT , GRE .The academic year in US generally commences around August or September and continues through May or June.
The total population of the US is around 325 million and total student enrollment in higher education is around 19 Million. Of these, international students comprise almost 1 million, which is over 5 % of the student population. California, New York and Texas are the top states in terms of the total immigrant population as well as international students.
Top Universities in US
There are around 4500 accredited universities in the US. International students from across the world look to study in the US to give wings to their dreams and aspirations. The United States has a wide variety of institutions that provide higher education. There are so many options that it can be very overwhelming for international students to understand the different choices.
United States has public and private universities and colleges. The Public universities are also commonly referred to as state- universities. Every state has a Public university and college and is government funded. A private university is not funded by the government but through private donations, contributions and tuitions. The US has highly ranked Public and private universities
The top three among these are the
Popular Courses in the US
The USA has always been a top study destination for International students. The total student population in US is around 19 million and of these the international student population is around 1 million. Students around the world who wish to study abroad, look at United states as their country of choice for higher education for undergraduate and post-graduation degree
As per Forbes , emerging sectors of the US, in terms of revenue growth are Services that support mining and oil or gas extraction represent the fastest-growing industry in U.S. Building finishing contractors, architectural and engineering firms have great potential in the coming years . In addition, service sectors in healthcare are also poised for growth. Here is a broad overview of top courses among international students for higher education in United States.
Medicine and Nursing courses have been popular with International students that study abroad in USA for the research facilities and clinical experience US college and universities provide their students.
Liberal arts majors offer a wide variety of choice that may cover Psychology, History, Philosophy, Languages, Literature, Art History and more. Liberal arts is ideal for students who are looking to develop their language skills and want to keep their options broad before deciding on a major. The Liberal arts program allows for the opportunity to tailor your program as you go and develop and course suited to your interest.
Like Liberal Arts, Social Sciences also covers a number of different subjects including Anthropology, Economics, Geography, Political Science and Sociology. Social Sciences are focused are focused on studying the society and the world around us from a scientific perspective.
Courses in Visual and Applied Arts include Music, Theatre, Media, Architecture & Design, Art & Film are also very popular in providing students who wish to pursue arts world class exposure and experience in these subjects. Courses in these subjects are very popular as they can help graduates get into satisfying careers in the arts, as well as a wide range of other jobs with the transferable skills that they offer.
Computer Science is also among the top courses in the USA. Graduates working in IT have consistently high rates of pay, as well as lots of job opportunities, both in the USA and worldwide. The part-time job opportunities also provide ample room for the students to learn on the job while they study. Courses in Computer Science are particularly popular with many students from India, Nepal, China, Iran & Turkey. With construction as a key emerging sectors, electrical engineering, civil engineering and mechanical engineering are also very popular as well.
It is no surprise that Business Administration & Management is still among the top field of study in USA amongst international students.
Universities in the USA have a comparative advantage in the following areas of study-
Emerging Sectors in the US
The United States of America is considered a land of opportunities and why US has earned this name and position, is not hard to understand. Not only in terms of economic stability, the country which is the second largest democracy in the world, also has significant influence on the political dynamics of many countries.
With the GDP of over USD 21 trillion, the USA is a hub for multinational companies, thus housing many Fortune 500 and Fortune 1000 corporations and industries. Besides, the country is also the financial hub of the world with Wall Street in New York as the most happening stock market place and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), the largest stock exchange by market capitalization under its sleeves.
The US economy added 155,00 new jobs in November 2018, marking 98 weeks of consecutive job growth, the longest in US history. While employment growth has been steady, some industries have been growing faster than the others and have helped overall job growth.
According to Forbes in terms of revenue growth , Services that support mining and oil or natural gas extraction represent the fastest-growing industry in U.S. Building finishing contractors, architectural and engineering firms, and companies involved in the category of heavy construction and engineering projects other than roads and bridges (such as dredging or marine facilities) each posted double-digit sales growth and ranked among the top 10 fastest-growing industries Mining-support services, on average, experienced 44.9 percent sales growth in 2017.
As per data from Bureau of Labor statistics (BLS) , Mining-support activities firms have added 87,000 jobs since 2016 and 7,000 in April alone. The list of the 10 fastest growing industries in terms of revenue growth include
Companies in Computer systems design (and related services) still grew sales, on average, 11.9 percent putting it just outside the top 10 list of fastest growing industries but still above the 9 percent average for all industries during 2017
As per the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), The health care and social assistance sector will account for over a third of the nation’s projected job growth from 2014 to 2024. The construction industry is projected to have the largest industry increase in employment. Consistent with its decline over the past 10-year period, manufacturing employment is projected to continue to fall.
The trend of slowing down of population growth and the consequent declining labor force participation, and a lower unemployment rate will result in employment growth slightly stronger from 2014 to 2024 than it was from 2004 to 2014.
Thus, the service-providing sectors will account for the majority of the projected job growth. Employment growth in the two largest service-producing sectors—health care and social assistance and professional and business services—will continue to be strong. In the goods-producing sectors, employment will be driven by growth in construction.
According to IBIS world, the top 5 industries in United states as per revenue growth in 2020 are
Skill Shortages in the US
One of the fundamental issues that the USA faces is the shortage of skills which stems from regional mismatch, cyclical shifts, inadequate training levels, and labor market restructuring. If you are still looking and deciding on a college major, it may be worthwhile to look out for the list of skill shortages in the United states and then choose a career in a high in demand sector.
As per SHRM, The United States is facing an unprecedented skill shortage that is likely to impact its long-term economic prosperity. There is a dearth of skilled workers to fill in the job opening available for high skilled workers.
According to the 2019 SHRM report, 7 million jobs were open in December 2018 but only 6.3 million people, who were unemployed, were looking for work. This gap does not auger well for industry or employers. It is likely to stifle growth and innovation in the coming years.
Employers have been complaining about a shortage of skilled workers in recent years, particularly workers with advanced degrees in STEM fields. Nearly every industry now has a labor shortage, but here’s the twist: Employers are having a harder time filling blue-collar positions than professional positions that require a college education.
The hardest-to-find workers are no longer computer engineers. There are labor shortages for home health care aides, restaurant workers, and hotel staff. The shift is happening because more and more young Americans are going to college and taking professional jobs, after high school. There is also a “pressure” or a “culture” to measure success in terms of level of “higher education”. Many high schools in the US, still look at university placement a measure of their success, even though the student may not be ready for it or many not be a good fit. At the same time, working-class baby boomers are retiring en masse.
This has further increased the shortage of skilled workers in the US. In terms of long-term solutions, today, it’s time that US education system gives supports technical training and positions it as a positive and top career choice for suitable young people to join the workforce.
The report also highlights that the 75% HR professionals who face recruiting difficulty say that there is talent shortage of skills among candidates for job openings. However, some skills are more frequently reported as being missing than others. Generally, respondents feel that applicants lack tech skills (those associated with specific knowledge and training) more so than workplace or “soft” skills that are necessary regardless of industry or job type. The report says the top 3 missing technical skills are
The number of job openings and range of skills that are being demanded by corporations has increased as they fail to find suitable candidates from within the local talent pool to perform certain jobs. This opens up a wide array of options for the international student and labor market.
The skills in demand in the United States are-
Stay Back Options for students studying in the United States
Students look at the US as a study destination that will give wings to their dreams and aspirations. As a student studying for an undergraduate or post graduate degree in in the US education system , in an ideal scenario would be get a job as you graduate from campus. However, this will require planning and making use of opportunities to develop your skills and demonstrate your abilities.
The ideal way to prepare for job opportunities is to do an internship as part of your program. Internships are an ideal way to develop new skills, learn more about your target job, and demonstrate your competencies to an employer. The job you get after finishing your course must be directly related to your field of study. You have to search the job within 90 days after graduation. More than half of our students convert an internship directly into a U.S. job offer.
Optional Practical Training -OPT is a program that temporarily allows international students with an F1 Visa the United States to work up to 12 months in an area related to their major field of study. F-1 visa students are eligible for OPT after completing their first academic year. OPT can be completed both before or after completing your studies, but it’s important to remember that you are only allowed to work 12 months total.
International students, who are F-1 visa holders, and have completed degrees in certain fields namely, science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) are eligible to apply for a 24-month extension for post-graduation completion of OPT employment.
If you’re an F-1 student, you can get U.S. work rights via Curricular Practical Training (CPT), which is a component of your academic program. CPT internships are in support of your learning, and you will earn course credit as part of them. To demonstrate your learning, you’ll be required to complete a project or assignment in conjunction with the internship.
After 12 months, your OPT expires. At this point you need to switch to an employer-sponsored visa. The most common employer-sponsored visa for the U.S. is the H1B visa, which is tied to a specific job. To be eligible, you will need to be recruited by a sponsoring employer. Your employer needs to submit your application to the U.S. lottery, which takes place every April. An employer can only apply once a year, so if the deadline is missed, you’ll need to wait until the following year.
Only 85,000 visas are issued each year. Due to the large number of applications, demand usually exceeds supply. Depending on the year, between 30% and 50% of applicants receive a visa, which typically becomes effective four or five months after the lottery. You’re not eligible to work until your visa is issued, so unless you’re already working in the U.S. on another visa like OPT, you will need to remain in your home country. Your H1B visa also provides entry into the U.S.
H1B visa is awarded by lottery are typically associated with skilled, “specialty occupations” like those in science, accounting, data analytics, medicine, specialized product development, computer science, and engineering. There are also non-lottery H1Bs for employees in the nonprofit sector. An eligible nonprofit can be a company, educational or research institution, hospital, or government institution. You can explore this option if you’re seeking employment with a nonprofit. Of course, to be eligible for permanent residency in US, one needs to start the process of getting a American Green Card, step towards becoming a US citizen
Students can get in touch with our relationships team should you require more information regarding these work options for international students.
Part-Time Job opportunities for students studying in the US
US has been a destination of choice for International students from around the world. International Students can take up part- time jobs while studying in the US and it is a smart way to manage your personal expenses. Students on F1 visa, as per immigration rules, can work up to 20 hours per week and get paid around USD 7 per hour as per the state minimum wages. Usually college and university students are able find on campus part-time jobs.
International Students with F1 visas have an opportunity to work legally within the US without the need for a work permit or any other type of visa via the Optional Practical Training (OPT) and Curricular Practical Training options. (CPT)
The major difference between OPT and CPT is the time period in which you are eligible for these programs and the type of work allowed in each program. OPT can be completed before or after graduation, while CPT must be completed before graduation.
CPT employment is part of your major curriculum that allows students to work in a paid or unpaid internship, practicum, or cooperative (co-op) education program. CPT must be required by your major and if it not, you must receive course credit. Only certain employers participate in CPT. Alternately, OPT is not employer specific and allows work, not an internship or co-op, and you do not need to earn course credit.
Part -time jobs are a good way to earn money to meet your personal living expenses. These can be managed along with studies and help to use your time gainfully. For gaining part -time employment as a student in US you need to make a resume. This resume must include your GPA and other academic achievements. It is also important to highlight your student involvement in co- curricular activities such a sports, cultural activities or community projects. Significant achievements in the home country such as school leadership position should also be included. Including a reference always helps.
Apply with your resume to all your college departments such as office, research offices as well as sports department and library. The college or university will also list the part- time job opportunities on the website.
Top part -time jobs opportunities available on university campus are typically
Exams required studying in the US
For international students, most colleges and universities in the United States will require that both undergraduate and graduate students applying for admission take one or more standardized tests. They are intended to provide a common measure for comparing the abilities of students who come from a variety of educational backgrounds and institutions. Scores from these tests are sent along with the application packets, along with essays, LORs, SOPs, transcripts required as part of the application process for admission to US colleges and universities.
As an international student aspiring for higher education in the US, it is important to be on top of the exams required for studying in the US. The level of scores and skills required in these standardized tests may vary by field or department.
For students aspiring to study abroad, it is important to know that different Institutions may also look at separate measures on English proficiency tests such as grammar, listening, critical reading, speaking and writing. Some departments might consider it crucial to have high scores in listening and speaking; others might feel it is important to have high scores in reading and writing or critical reading and writing.
These are broadly of two types standardized test ELP or English Language proficiency exam or Test preparation. For undergraduate admissions, the following standardized tests are required
For English Language proficiency, TOEFL/IELTS is a requirement for studying in the US. Generally, for a postgraduate degree in management, a good GMAT score is required and for technical courses, passing the GRE test might be required. The eligibility criteria may vary depending on the course.
For specific information on standardized tests, validity of scores and exploring learning possibilities, students can get in touch with our expert Relationships team who will help them on the process.
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We will contact you shortly and together
we will focus on your journey.