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Germany is a world leader in innovation, with leading universities and research institutes alongside major engineering, IT and manufacturing industries. International students across the globe value these universities for the quality of education, hands-on experiences during their studies and the opportunities provided by them to improve academically during and after studies and most importantly the safe and friendly environment. Germany is considered one of the ideal study destinations for international students. The top universities in Germany are spread throughout the country, with options to study in Munich, Berlin, and 40 other cities.
Germany is enlisted as the world’s fourth and fifth largest economy globally by nominal GDP and GDP PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) and a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment. Germany is the most populous country in the European Union with an estimated 2020 population of 83.78 million and bordered by countries namely Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Austria, France, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. German is the official language of Germany, with over 95% of the population speaking German as their first language.
The country is located at the heart of Europe with approximately 83 million inhabitants spread across 16 constituent states, covering an area of 357,386 square kilometres. Berlin is the capital and the largest city is known as the crucial urban centre of Germany.The landscapes of Germany are diverse and charming. On the North and Baltic Seas, there are island chains with long dunes, swaths of heath and moorland. Dense forests and medieval castles are situated in the rolling mountains of central Germany. And in the south, the Alps with their sparkling lakes rise above the lowlands.
The primary emerging sectors of Germany include
Avg Living costs / per year-
€10,236 per year
Avg Tuition fee per year
€ 18,000- € 28,000
Average graduate incomes/ year
€ 45,000 - € 50,000
Migration possibility ( yes or no )
Major Intakes in Winter (Sep/Oct), and Summer ( Mar/Apr) and rolling intakes for some of the courses.
Studying in Germany
Germany is one of the fast-emerging destinations to study abroad. In terms of location, Germany is located at the heart of Europe with approximately 83 million inhabitants spread across 16 constituent states, covering an area of 357,386 square kilometers. Berlin is the capital and the largest city is known as the crucial urban center of Germany. Moreover, Germany is enlisted as the world's fourth and fifth largest economy globally by nominal GDP and GDP PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) and a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment. German is the official language of Germany, with over 95% of the population speaking German as their first language. Moreover, the landscapes of Germany are diverse and charming. On the North and Baltic Seas, there are island chains with long dunes, swaths of heath and moorland. Dense forests and medieval castles are situated in the rolling mountains of central Germany and the south, the Alps with their sparkling lakes rise above the lowlands. Besides, Germany is a world leader in innovation, boasting leading universities and research institutes alongside major engineering, IT and manufacturing industries.
Germany has led the world of Science and Technology and has had many stalwart scientists that significantly impacted the course of science. Germany has produced a long list of revolutionary inventions, such as the automobile, the airbag, X-ray technology, Aspirin, the computer, the chip card to name a few. Germany is a highly ranked and most popular study destination for international students because of its research community shaped by German universities, world-class education, exciting urban life submerged in panoramic landscapes, and welcoming culture with people from all over the globe. The top universities in Germany are spread throughout the country, with options to study in Munich, Berlin, and 40 other cities. The country not only provides students with high academic standards and well-organized study programs with world-class professors but also ample post-study employment opportunities for the students along with remarkably affordable living standards and tuition fees.
Major Cities in Germany
Berlin, Munich, Frankfurt am Main, Hamburg, Cologne, Dusseldorf, Dresden, Hannover are some of the major cities in Germany. Apart from it, Trier is the oldest city of Germany which lies at the head of the scenic Mosel valley near the Luxembourg border.
Demographic Profile of Germany
Germany is known to be the most populous country in the European Union with an estimated 2020 population of 83.78 million and bordered by countries namely Poland, Denmark, the Czech Republic, Austria, France, Switzerland, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Furthermore, Germany is grouped into 16 states, referred to collectively as Länder, each state having its own constitution and remains fairly autonomous. Despite being one of the populous countries in the EU, Germany has relatively few large cities, and only four have a population of over 1 million: Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, and Cologne. German is the official language of the country. Apart from German, Danish, Frisian, Sorbian, and Romani are official minority languages; Low German, Danish, North Frisian, Sater Frisian, Lower Sorbian, Upper Sorbian, and Romani are recognized as regional languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. There are about 50,000 Danes native to the northernmost region of Germany. The Sorbs( Slavic people) live in the Lusatia region. One can also find a large population of Frisians in Lower Saxony and the western coast of Schleswig-Holstein.
The majority of the Germans are Christian, either Roman Catholic (28.2%) or Protestant (26%), although 1.9% of the population are also Orthodox Christians. Islam is the second-largest religion in Germany, with an estimated 6.1% of the population according to a 2017 Pew Research Survey. It is also interesting to note that Germany has the highest percentage of immigrants in its population and thereby listed as one of the most popular destinations amongst immigrants along with the United States and Canada. Over 10 million people living in Germany today were born outside of Germany, which is about 12% of the German population.
Cost of Living in Germany
The living expenses in Germany is around 853 euros a month (around $957 US dollars) or 10,236 euros per year (around $11,484 US dollars). Overall, the total cost of living in Germany depends on factors like the location in terms of where you’re settled in and what type of lifestyle you like to lead. In industrial big cities rent, food, and clothes are more expensive. In contrast, in less-populated areas, you can expect cheaper prices for some products and services.
Employment opportunities in Germany
Germany is a famous study abroad destination for international students who are willing to pursue undergraduate or graduate studies. Germany is home to many such national and global companies offering countless job opportunities to international students. International students from other countries (Non-EU and EEA) are allowed to work part-time in Germany alongside their studies for 120 full days or 240 half days per year(20 hours per week). A student, on average, earns anywhere between 5 to 15 euros an hour and approximately around 450 euros a month. The majority of the students prefer to work after completing their studies in Germany. International students who wish to stay back and work after finishing their studies can stay back up to 18 months to seek employment. In this case, the student needs to apply for a German Residence permit that would allow them to take up gainful employment in the country.
Scholarships for International Students in Germany
Germany offers many Scholarships for International students. There are Government and non -Government scholarships. Here is the list of scholarships
Total International Student Population in Germany
As per the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), the total number of estimated international students in German universities was 374,580 enrolled in 2018, up from 358,900 in 2017. This represents 4.4% growth, slightly less than the 5.5% growth the previous year.
Top Universities in Germany
Germany is a highly ranked and most popular study destination for international students and thus home to some of the highest-ranked universities in the QS World University rankings. There are over 400 higher education institutions that offer graduate and postgraduate programs in Germany, all representing the classical approach to academia and research. In addition, the universities in Germany are broadly classified into private and public universities sharing some similarities, but at the same time, there are parts at which the difference between them is significantly huge. The cost of attendance is the part where Private and Public universities differentiate the most. The majority of the public universities charge minimal tuition fees to their international students, however, the private universities basically rely on private funding and as they need to collect tuitions in order to fulfill their budget and day-to-day operations. Also, in terms of class size, private universities prefer to teach in small batches facilitating more one to one interactions with its faculty, unlike public universities where the class size is comparatively large. Some of the top universities in Germany are-
Popular Courses to study in Germany
Germany is known for its quality higher education basically in the field of engineering and other STEM subjects at the renowned German universities. Most of the international students enroll in engineering courses like Mechanical engineering, Nanotechnology, Computer Science engineering, Civil engineering are in Germany. Moreover, the highly ranked universities like the Technical University of Munich, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich offer a great variety of degree programs in the field of Architecture, Chemistry, Computer Science, Mathematics, Physics and many more. Overall, there are five categories of subject areas recognized in Germany, which are-
Education System in Germany
A significant number of international students prefer studying at German schools, institutes, and universities because of its excellent global reputation. The basic law grants every German citizen the right to self-fulfillment and higher education. The goal of education policy is, therefore, to provide each citizen with opportunities to grow personally professionally and as a citizen in accordance with his or her abilities and preferences.Kindergarten(nursery school) education is provided for all children between one and six years old. However, Most children, first attend Grundschule (literally meaning 'Ground School') for 4 years from the age of 6 to 9 followed by secondary education. The major types of German secondary schools include Gymnasium, Realschule, Hauptschule, Mittelschule. Gymnasium schools are more academically oriented, or a Gesamtschule, which is comparable to a Comprehensive School. In fact, Gymnasium prepares students for higher education and ends with the Abitur(a prerequisite for enrolling in university). In addition, everyone who wants to enter higher education studies in Germany must have a Higher Education Entrance Qualification.
The higher education institutes and universities in Germany are highly acclaimed and globally recognized. Most of the higher education institutes offer study programs taught in English to attract a significant number of international students. Moreover, most of the institutes also offer free German language classes. Three major types of higher education institutes are present in Germany, which are as follows:
In addition, the universities in Germany are broadly classified into Private and Public universities sharing some similarities, but at the same time, there are parts at which the difference between them is significantly huge. The cost of attendance is the part where Private and Public universities differentiate the most. The majority of the public universities charge minimal tuition fees to their international students, however, the private universities basically rely on private funding and as they need to collect tuitions in order to fulfill their budget and day-to-day operations. Also, in terms of class size, private universities prefer to teach in small batches facilitating one to one interactions with its faculty, unlike public universities where the class size is comparatively huge.
Around 374,580 international students are enrolled in German higher education institutions, making 13 % of the total student population. Universities enroll roughly 70% of the foreign students. Most of the international students’ study Engineering at German universities. They form 37 % of all international students.13.14 % growth in the number of Indian students studying in Germany and numbers reached 17.5 thousand in September 2018. The rate of growth of Indian students is 3 x the global average of 4.4 %. Indians form the 2nd largest group of international students enrolled at German universities, second only to Chinese.
Economic Outlook of Germany
Germany is enlisted as the world's fourth and fifth largest economy globally by nominal GDP and GDP PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) and a leading exporter of machinery, vehicles, chemicals, and household equipment. Also, the economic Growth Rate in Germany averaged 0.50 percent from 1970 until 2019. The top ten exports of Germany are vehicles, machinery, chemical goods, electronic products, electrical equipment, pharmaceuticals, transport equipment, basic metals, food products, and rubber and plastics. Hence, the economy of Germany is the largest manufacturing economy in Europe and it is less likely to be affected by the financial drop. In addition, the service sector contributes around 70% of the total GDP, industry 29.1%, and agriculture 0.9%. The unemployment rate of Germany should remain stable in the upcoming years (3.3% in 2020 and 3.4% in 2021, according to the IMF). It is also interesting to note that Germany is the first major industrialized nation to commit to the renewable energy transition called Energiewende. Germany is the prime producer of wind turbines in the world. Renewables produced 46% of the electricity consumed in Germany (as of 2019). Of the world's 2000 largest publicly listed companies measured by revenue, the Fortune Global 2000, 53 are headquartered in Germany, with the Top 10 being Allianz, Daimler, Volkswagen, Siemens, BMW, Deutsche Telekom, Bayer, BASF, Munich Re and SAP.
The Political Environment of Germany
Germany is a Federal democracy, with an independent judiciary, strong political parties, and powerful regional and local governments. Chancellor is the head of the government and is elected by an absolute majority in the Federal Assembly for a four-year term. The Chancellor holds the executive power, which includes implementing the law and managing the day to day business of the country. The eighth and current chancellor of Germany is Angela Merkel, who was elected in 2005 and re-elected in 2009, 2013 and 2017. In addition, the president of Germany is the head of the state and the role of the German president is almost representative and ceremonial. The President is elected for a five-year term by the Federal Convention.furthermore, the legislative power is bicameral in Germany. The parliament consists of two chambers: the Bundestag (the lower house), currently 709 seats, whose members are elected by universal suffrage combining proportional and direct representation, for a four-year term. However, the courts of Germany are independent of the government and lawmakers. Senior judges are appointed by the Bundestag for a fixed term.
The climate of Germany
Germany's climate is moderate and has generally short periods of cold or hot weather. Coastal Germany has a maritime influence climate which is characterized by warm summers and mild cloudy winters. Further inland, the climate is continental, marked by greater seasonal variations in temperature, with warmer summers and colder winters. The northernmost area like Bremen, Hamburg, Lübeck, Rostock, Kiel is slightly milder, but one can also expect rains and winds because of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. The German summer often brings pleasant temperatures, is not very sunny. In fact, in summers, there are cool and rainy days, when Atlantic disturbances move over the country, alternating with periods when a high-pressure system affects the country. In the latter situations, the days begin with clear skies and can even be hot around mid-day, while thunderstorms often form in the afternoon. These thunderstorms are less frequent in the northernmost region, which, however, is cooler and may experience more frequent rains due to disturbances coming from the Atlantic Ocean. Anyway, on warmer days, in Berlin and other cities that are not located near the coast, the temperature can reach 30/32 °C or even a little more.
Autumn in Germany is usually around September, a pleasant month, but later the weather becomes progressively colder and rainy, with the first mists as well. In addition, the wind can be strong, especially in the northern areas. In November, the sun rarely shines; by mid-November, it is practically winter, and the first snowfalls are possible. International Students would require to carry lightweights with rainwear for summer and medium to heavy clothing for winter. A sweater is necessary at almost any time of year.
Technological Landscape of Germany
Germany is a global leader in innovation, boasting leading universities and research institutes alongside major engineering, IT and manufacturing industries. In fact, research and development form an integral part of the German economy. It is a research community shaped by universities. The field of technology and innovation covers development and design disciplines that are used across all industries: from mechanical engineering, information, and communication technology (ICT), optical technologies, systems engineering, and microelectronics to automation, power electronics, and nanotechnology. In fact, German companies are now part of a range of EU-funded projects along with the universities and the research institutes which are more focused on robotics and artificial intelligence and thus highlight the diversity of German science and technology innovation even within the field of 'Information and communication technologies(ICT).
Emerging Sectors in Germany
Germany has consistently been at the forefront of industrial leadership and thus continuing to evolve into the digital age and embrace new industries, such as environmental technology, additive manufacturing, and the digital economy. It is a well-recognized business and manufacturing location. The primary emerging sector in Germany comprises of the manufacturing Industries which include-
Skill Shortages in Germany
The German labor market features high employment levels and subsequently a low unemployment rate. At present, the German economy encourages migration of skilled workers to Germany as the German economy lacks specialists, and demographic change will increase the shortage respectively. Speaking in demographic terms, a large portion of its population is old and not able to work and thereby Germany is experiencing an exponential gap in medical sectors and this trend is about to continue for many years. On the other hand, this older population needs continual medical care which can only be given by qualified individuals. Thus, qualified medical professionals are much-needed in Germany and job opportunities for this category are comparatively high as compared to other sectors. Also, in Germany, there is a huge demand for Engineers as well as IT specialists. Apart from it, Mechanical, Electrical Engineers, physiotherapists, nurses and craftsmen in the construction industry, experts in the aerospace, mechatronics, electrical engineering, energy technology and other STEM professions (mathematics, computer science, natural sciences, and technology) are also in high demand. There is also a substantial increase in demand for personnel working for shop floor work and logistics.
Germany is also known globally for its education system and vocational schools. Since the economy is growing and companies need more qualified professionals, the chances of getting training in Germany are also growing. In fact, thousands of intern vacancies remain unoccupied – 57,656 in 2018. Therefore, regardless of the country of origin, (vocational) training in Germany gives you a good chance of entering the German labor market.
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